Wednesday, April 4, 2012

JFK: The King of Conspiracies

Overview

John F. Kennedy was the 35th president of the United States. He was assassinated under controversial circumstances in Dallas, TX on November 22, 1963. Kennedy was traveling in a motorcade through downtown Dallas with his wife, Jacqueline, John Connally, the governor of Texas, and his wife, Nellie in a convertible limousine.


As the motorcade rounded the corner onto Elm St. in the now famous Dealey Plaza, shots rang out. Kennedy was hit no less than twice; one of those shots being a fatal shot to the head. He was pronounced dead within the hour at Parkland Memorial Hospital in Dallas.



Controversy and Conspiracy

The Warren Commission
The JFK assassination has long been shrouded in controversy surrounding the available evidence and the "official story" as presented by the Warren Commission. The Warren Commission was a group established by Kennedy's successor Lyndon B. Johnson on November 29, 1963. The Warren Commission's sole purpose was to investigate the JFK assassination.

The Warren Commission presented an 888-page report in September of 1964 following a 10-month investigation into the assassination. This report is available in its entirety here: http://www.archives.gov/research/jfk/warren-commission-report/ The gist of this report states that accused assassin Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone in the slaying of President Kennedy.

Once the Warren Commission was released, it has been supported on both sides by additional evidence. Side A being that the report is absolutely correct, and Side B being that some evidence is contrary to the possibility that Oswald could have been the lone gunman in the assassination of JFK.

House Select Committee on Assassinations (HSCA)
The HSCA was created in 1976 to investigate the assassinations of JFK and Martin Luther King, Jr. This committee investigated for 2 years and issued a report in 1979 that stated the assassination of JFK was very likely the result of a conspiracy and that there were some serious flaws in the FBI investigation as well as the Warren Commission report.

The HSCA confirmed that Lee Harvey Oswald likely caused the wounds to JFK, but that was highly likely that 2 gunmen were involved. The committee never named additional suspects or groups that might have been involved in a conspiracy. The HSCA report is also available online here: http://www.archives.gov/research/jfk/select-committee-report/

JFK Assassination Glossary

Dealey Plaza - A portion of Dallas' city park, Dealey Plaza is located on the historic West End of downtown Dallas, TX. It is the site of the assassination of John F. Kennedy.

Grassy Knoll - A sloping hill in Dealey Plaza on JFK's right side during the motorcade or the Northwest side of the Plaza along Elm St.

Jack Ruby - A Dallas nightclub owner who killed Lee Harvey Oswald 2 days after the JFK assassination.

Lee Harvey Oswald - The proposed guilty suspect in the assassination of JFK. Side A believes he acted alone and Side B believes he was part of a conspiracy to murder the President and there was perhaps a second gunman.

Texas Schoolbook Depository - Lee Harvey Oswald was employed here at the time of the assassination and for 5 weeks prior. It is believed he shot Kennedy from an open window on the 6th floor of this building located at the corner of Houston and Elm Streets and bordering the Grassy Knoll.

The Magic Bullet - Also known as the single bullet theory, the magic bullet was presented by the Warren Commission as the bullet that passed through Kennedy's back, out his throat, and then injured Governor Connally.

 

Visuals

*NOTE* Please be advised that some of this content is graphic. Users should exercise discretion.

Maps


Dealey Plaza


The Videos
The most famous video tape of the JFK is by far the Zapruder film. Abraham Zapruder was a private citizen who was filming with his 8mm home movie camera in Dealey Plaza that day. The Zapruder film consists of 486 frames or 26.6 seconds. 18 seconds of that film contain JFK's limousine. The video below contains 5 minutes of high quality, stabilized reproductions of the original film including footage previously outside the frames between the sprocket holes of the film. It is the most exhaustive analysis of the film I could find in one video. Let's take a look:






The Nix film is the second most important film in the case. Orville Nix captured video of the assassination from almost the exact opposite angle of Zapruder.


Lesser Known Videos from Dealey Plaza
These videos are just as significant as the Zapruder and Nix films because they show other views and moments of the motorcade. Many of the videographers who missed the actual assassination got a lot of footage of the aftermath in Dealey Plaza that day. There could be previously undiscovered evidence on any one of these videos.

Maria Muchmore


Charles Bronson

Robert Hughes
 

Mark Bell

 

Elsie Doorman
Elsie Doorman filmed this from a 4th floor window of the Texas Schoolbook Depository. Lee Harvey Oswald reportedly shot from the 6th floor of this same building. 



 

Dave Weigman -- NBC New Cameraman


Malcolm Couch -- Local New Cameraman


Jack Daniel
Jack Daniel filmed this very brief footage just beyond the triple underpass. He had no idea what had just taken place on the other side. 


Patsy Paschall



George Jefferies
This film was not released until 2007. It shows footage of the motorcade 90 seconds before the shots rang out. It also depicts aftermath footage.



There are hundreds and hundreds of videos online about the JFK assassination. This thread will adhere to original video in an attempt to stay unbiased.


Photographs

This link contains a list of all known photos taken in Dealey Plaza during the motorcade and after: http://www.jfk-info.com/photos1.htm

This sequence of photographs is pulled from the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) and are scans of the original 8x10s used as evidence. You can see more photos here: http://www.maryferrell.org/wiki/index.php/Photos_-_NARA_Evidence_Photos


The Magic Bullet   


 image from: http://www.ctka.net/2009/ten_point_program.html

The Mannlicher-Carcano Rifle reportedly used by Oswald

image from: http://www.awesomestories.com/assets/oswalds-rifle-scope

Bullet Fragments found in the Front of the Presidential Limousine

 image from: http://www.maryferrell.org/wiki/index.php/Photos_-_NARA_Evidence_-_Bullet_Fragments

 
JFK's Shirt - Note bullet hole at center

 image from: http://meltdown2011.wordpress.com/2008/02/23/prez-ford-admitted-doctoring-warren-rpt/

The Bell and Howell Camera Used by Abraham Zapruder to Film the Assassination


 image from: http://motherboard.vice.com/2011/11/22/murder-and-zapruder-who-should-own-the-rawest-most-valuable-home-movie

The following sequence of photos are images from still cameras in Dealey Plaza. Please note that much more information is included in ALL sources listed at the end of this post. Also, the best copies I could find of these photographs are displayed here.

Mary Moorman

Mary Moorman can be seen wearing the blue coat in this screen capture from the Zapruder film snapping pictures of the President's motorcade with her camera.

  
Mary Moorman's famous Poloroid


 You can read about some of the conspiratorial analyses of this image here: http://www.jfkmurdersolved.com/badgeman.htm


Wilma Bond


 See a gallery of other photos by Wilma Bond HERE.

Ike Altgens





See a gallery of other photos by Ike Altgens HERE.

Phillip Willis
Look closely at this photo. You can see the Grassy Knoll clearly. You can see Abraham Zapruder in a tan suit on the concrete pedestal directly above the Secret Service agent's head on the driver's side of the Secret Service chase vehicle. You can see the Stemmons Freeway sign. This sign obscures the view of the first shot in the Zapruder film. In this photo, it doesn't appear that the President has been hit yet.






View of the Texas Schoolbook Depository. Arrow indicates the 6th floor window where it is believed Oswald fired the fateful shots.




The following sequence of photos are images from still cameras in Dealey Plaza. Please note that much more information is included in ALL sources throughout this article. Also, the best copies I could find of these photographs are displayed here.

Mary Moorman

Mary Moorman can be seen wearing the blue coat in this screen capture from the Zapruder film snapping pictures of the President's motorcade with her camera.


Mary Moorman's famous Poloroid


You can read about some of the conspiratorial analyses of this image here: http://www.jfkmurdersolved.com/badgeman.htm

Wilma Bond


See a gallery of other photos by Wilma Bond HERE.

Ike Altgens


See a gallery of other photos by Ike Altgens HERE.

Phillip Willis
Look closely at this photo. You can see the Grassy Knoll clearly. You can see Abraham Zapruder in a tan suit on the concrete pedestal directly above the Secret Service agent's head on the driver's side of the Secret Service chase vehicle. You can see the Stemmons Freeway sign. This sign obscures the view of the first shot in the Zapruder film. In this photo, it doesn't appear that the President has been hit yet.


View of the Texas Schoolbook Depository. Arrow indicates the 6th floor window where it is believed Oswald fired the fateful shots.


See a gallery of other photos by Phillip Willis HERE.




The Limo After
Yes. Those are bits of flesh and brain matter.




Diagram of the Motorcade

Diagram shows the position and names of occupants in the Presidential limousine, Service Service follow-up car, and motorcycle escorts.


Jack Ruby delivers a fatal Shot to Lee Harvey Oswald

You can also see this on video as it was caught on live television at the time:






The Many Faces of Lee Harvey Oswald

 Oswald's mugshot from Dallas the day after the Assassination



  Jackie Kennedy and the Bloodstained Dress

Jackie Kennedy wore this suit until around 5am on November 23, 1963 when she returned to the White House in spite of her secretary laying out fresh clothes for her aboard Air Force One stating, "Let them see what they've done." Get the full story of the Pink Suit in the Sources on this post.




Other Events and Timelines

Timeline of Events Leading up to November 22, 1963

JFK Assassination Timeline

J.D. Tippet
Another man died in Dallas on November 22, 1963. His name was J.D. Tippet. He was an officer with the Dallas Police Department and was allegedly gunned down by Oswald as well. Around 1:11pm following the assassination of the President, Tippet was patrolling in a concentrated effort by the police to catch the assassin fleeing the area of Dealey Plaza. Tippet was driving slowly along East 10th St. when he met up with Oswald walking in the same direction.

The two men exchanged words and Tippet exited his vehicle. Oswald drew a .38 Smith and Wesson revolver and shot 4 times in rapid succession. Three of the 4 shots hit Tippet. Oswald then approached Tippet, now on the ground, and shot him in the head killing him instantly.

More Resources

http://www.delicious.com/waxingpoetic75/jfk 
  

Sources

SOURCES DISCLAIMER: Wikipedia links throughout the sources of this working thread are only used for dates, names, and places.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_F._Kennedy_assassination
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warren_Commission
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_House_Select_Committee_on_Assassinations
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zapruder_film
http://newtools.pbworks.com/w/page/14288994/Sandbox
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orville_Nix
http://www.maryferrell.org/wiki/index.php/Video_Clips_-_Motorcade_Films
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Single_bullet_theory
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lee_Harvey_Oswald
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jack_Ruby
Check out the Zapruder film in frame by frame still images:  
http://www.assassinationresearch.com/zfilm/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dealey_Plaza 
http://www.fiftiesweb.com/kennedy/kennedy-assassination.htm
http://www.pinkpillbox.com/pinksuit.htm 
ttp://www.assassinationresearch.com/v2n1/chrono1.pdf
http://simile.mit.edu/timeline/examples/jfk/jfk.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._D._Tippit